Understanding Diabetes: Causes, Types And Prevention

diabetologist in bhubaneswar

Diabetes is a common condition seen in adults and even kids these days. If we put it in simple words, it’s a chronic condition that is affecting individuals throughout the world. It happens when the body is unable to effectively control blood sugar levels resulting in a variety of other health issues. Take control of your diabetes management by consulting the top diabetologist in Bhubaneswar.

Let’s look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for diabetes to have a better knowledge on it.

Causes of Diabetes:

  • Type 1 Diabetes:

An autoimmune disorder in which the immune system kills pancreatic insulin-producing cells

  • Type 2 Diabetes:

Obesity, physical inactivity and poor nutritional habits are frequently related to this condition.

  • Gestational Diabetes:

The condition develops during pregnancy and usually resolves after childbirth. Don’t let diabetes hold you back. Visit our diabetologist in Bhubaneswar today.

Symptoms of Diabetes:

  • Frequent urination: One can characterise diabetes by excessive thirst and the need to pee often.
  • Unexplained weight loss: Individuals with diabetes may lose weight despite increased appetite and food consumption.
  • Fatigue and weakness: Diabetes can cause tiredness, a lack of energy and tiredness
  • Slow-healing wounds: High blood sugar levels can impair the body’s ability to heal wounds faster
  • Blurred vision: The condition can affect the eye’s lens. It causes blurry or distorted vision.

Types of Diabetes Treatment:

A. Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Healthy eating: A balanced diet with controlled carbohydrate intake is crucial for managing blood sugar levels.
  • Regular exercise: Physical activity helps improve insulin sensitivity and overall health.
  • Weight management: Obesity can be reduced by achieving and maintaining a healthy weight.

B. Medication:

  • Insulin therapy:

Individuals with type 1 diabetes must have it as those with type 2 diabetes.

  • Oral medications:

Several prescription drugs are available to assist in controlling blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes.

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C. Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM):

CGM devices give real-time blood sugar level data, allowing for improved monitoring and control.

D. Insulin pumps:

Insulin pumps provide insulin continuously throughout the day. It replicates the function of a healthy pancreas.

Take the right step towards better diabetes control by visiting our trusted diabetologist in Bhubaneswar.

I. Understanding the Benefits of Exercise for Diabetes:

  • Enhances insulin sensitivity:

Physical activity helps the body use insulin more efficiently, allowing for improved blood sugar management.

  • Improves cardiovascular health:

Exercise strengthens the heart, decreases blood pressure and reduces the risk of cardiovascular illness which is more frequent among diabetics.

  • Aids in weight management:

Regular exercise improves weight reduction and maintenance, which is essential in managing type 2 diabetes.

  • Increases energy levels:

Physical exercise increases energy levels and decreases weariness, enhancing overall quality of life.

II. How Exercise Impacts Blood Sugar Levels:

  • Reduces blood sugar levels:

Physical exercise increases glucose absorption by the muscles, lowering blood sugar levels.

  • Enhances insulin action:

Exercise stimulates insulin receptors making them more receptive to insulin and encouraging cells to take up more glucose.

  • Improves insulin sensitivity:

Regular exercise increases insulin sensitivity. It allows for more effective glucose utilization.

  • Reduces insulin resistance:

Physical activity helps to avoid insulin resistance, which is a common cause of type 2 diabetes, by boosting insulin effectiveness.

III. Choosing the Right Exercise Routine:

  • Aerobic exercises:

Activities like brisk walking, cycling or dancing boosts heart rate and help burn calories, benefiting blood sugar control and overall fitness.

  • Strength training:

Incorporating resistance exercises using weights or bands helps build muscle mass, improve insulin sensitivity, and enhance overall body composition.

  • Flexibility and balance exercises:

Stretching exercises and practices like yoga or tai chi improve flexibility, balance, and overall physical well-being.

  • Tailoring exercise to individual needs:

Consulting with a healthcare professional or an exercise specialist can help design a personalized exercise plan that considers personal preferences, fitness levels, and existing health conditions.

IV. Exercise Guidelines and Precautions for Diabetes:

  • Start slowly and gradually increase intensity:

Begin with manageable exercise durations and intensities, and then progress gradually to avoid strain or injuries.

  • Monitor blood sugar levels:

Regularly check blood sugar levels before, during and post-exercise. Make necessary medication or food intake adjustments.

  • Stay hydrated:

To avoid dehydration, drink a good amount of water during and after exercise.

  • Consider medical clearance:

Individuals with certain complications or conditions may need medical approval before starting an exercise set. For personalised advice, speak with a healthcare expert.

V. Incorporating Exercise into Diabetes Management:

Set realistic goals:

Establish achievable exercise goals that fit into your lifestyle and consider your current fitness level.

Make it enjoyable:

Choose activities you enjoy to stay motivated and make exercise a regular routine.

Establish a routine:

Schedule exercise sessions at consistent times to help build a habit and ensure consistency.

When Is The Right Time To Seek Medical Help For Diabetes?

Knowing when to go for medical help for diabetes is crucial. It is for having control and preventing complications. If you have persistent symptoms like frequent urination, increased thirst, unusual weight loss or slow-healing wounds, you should see a doctor.

If you cannot control your blood sugar levels naturally after your best efforts, make an appointment with your doctor. Additionally, if you have new or worsening diabetes-related difficulties, are pregnant or wish to become pregnant with diabetes- it is your call for a diabetologist visit. Choose the trusted diabetologist in Bhubaneswar for personalized care and support in managing diabetes.

The Bottom Line

In conclusion, don’t face diabetes alone. Seek medical help and partner with Khusi Diabetes Care for personalized support in managing your condition. Take control of your diabetes journey and live a fulfilling life with confidence. Start your journey to better health with our dedicated diabetes clinic Bhubaneswar.